Topological bound states for quantum charges

I. L. Paiva, Y. Aharonov, J. Tollaksen, M. Waegell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

We discuss how, in appropriately designed configurations, solenoids carrying a semifluxon can be used as topological energy barriers for charged quantum systems. We interpret this phenomenon as a consequence of the fact that such solenoids induce nodal lines in the wave function describing the charge, which on itself is a consequence of the Aharonov-Bohm effect. Moreover, we present a thought experiment with a cavity where two solenoids are sufficient to create bound states.

Original languageEnglish
Article number040101
JournalPhysical Review A
Volume100
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 23 Oct 2019

Funding

FundersFunder number
Deutsch-Israelische Projektkooperation
German-Israeli Project Cooperation
John E. Fetzer Memorial Trust
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico234347/2014-7
Israel Science Foundation1311/14
Israeli Centers for Research Excellence

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