Topical and systemic retinoids for the treatment of cutaneous viral warts: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Meital Oren-Shabtai*, Igor Snast, Yehonatan Noyman, Moshe Lapidoth, Shany Sherman, Daniel Mimouni, Emmilia Hodak, Assi Levi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Cutaneous viral warts (CVW), caused by human papillomavirus, often have a self-limited course. However, some patients experience a recalcitrant disease despite treatment. Retinoids are considered the mainstay of therapy in many dermatologic diseases. Data on their use for viral warts are limited. To systematically review the published evidence on the efficacy and safety of retinoids for the treatment of CVW. A systematic review and meta-analysis of topical or systemic retinoid treatment for CVW was performed in accordance with the PRISMA statement. The primary outcome was clinical response; secondary outcomes were recurrence rate and adverse events. Fourteen publications including 399 patients treated exclusively with retinoids (65% topical, 35% systemic) were evaluated. The complete response rate was 64% (95% CI, 46-78%; I2=80%) for topical treatment and 61% (95% CI, 44-76%; I2=69%) for systemic treatment. The most common side effects were irritant contact dermatitis and cheilitis, respectively. Relapse rates were 6% and 17%, respectively. The reviewed studies were considerably heterogenous and most lacked a control group. Both topical and systemic retinoids are effective and safe as monotherapy for CVW. Further studies are required to determine their exact role in this setting.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere14637
JournalDermatologic Therapy
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2021

Keywords

  • HPV
  • cutaneous
  • retinoids
  • viral
  • warts

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