Tomato fruits show wide phenomic diversity but fruit developmental genes show low genomic diversity

Vijee Mohan, Soni Gupta, Sherinmol Thomas, Hanjabam Mickey, Chaitanya Charakana, Vineeta Singh Chauhan, Kapil Sharma, Rakesh Kumar, Kamal Tyagi, Supriya Sarma, Suresh Kumar Gupta, Himabindu Vasuki Kilambi, Sapana Nongmaithem, Alka Kumari, Prateek Gupta, Yellamaraju Sreelakshmi, Rameshwar Sharma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Domestication of tomato has resulted in large diversity in fruit phenotypes. An intensive phenotyping of 127 tomato accessions from 20 countries revealed extensive morphological diversity in fruit traits. The diversity in fruit traits clustered the accessions into nine classes and identified certain promising lines having desirable traits pertaining to total soluble salts (TSS), carotenoids, ripening index, weight and shape. Factor analysis of the morphometric data from Tomato Analyzer showed that the fruit shape is a complex trait shared by several factors. The 100% variance between round and flat fruit shapes was explained by one discriminant function having a canonical correlation of 0.874 by stepwise discriminant analysis. A set of 10 genes (ACS2, COP1, CYC-B, RIN, MSH2, NAC-NOR, PHOT1, PHYA, PHYB and PSY1) involved in various plant developmental processes were screened for SNP polymorphism by EcoTILLING. The genetic diversity in these genes revealed a total of 36 nonsynonymous and 18 synonymous changes leading to the identification of 28 haplotypes. The average frequency of polymorphism across the genes was 0.038/Kb. Significant negative Tajima'D statistic in two of the genes, ACS2 and PHOT1 indicated the presence of rare alleles in low frequency. Our study indicates that while there is low polymorphic diversity in the genes regulating plant development, the population shows wider phenotype diversity. Nonetheless, morphological and genetic diversity of the present collection can be further exploited as potential resources in future.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0152907
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2016
Externally publishedYes


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