Certain inflammatory cytokines and growth factors have been previously shown to interact with glycosaminoglycan moieties of the extracellular matrix (ECM). We have examined the association of the pleiotropic cytokine TNF-α with glycoprotein constituents of ECM. TNF-α interacted with fibronectin (FN) and laminin, and to a lesser degree with collagen. The major binding site for TNF-α on FN was localized to its 30-kDa N-terminal fragment (FN- N') with a K(i) in the sub-nM range. The binding of 125I-labeled TNF-α to immobilized FN or FN-N' persisted for at least 24 h, and was specifically inhibited by antibodies to FN, mAb directed against the FN-N' domain, unlabeled TNF-α, and by the truncated forms of TNF-α receptors. Once bound to immobilized FN or FN-N', the cytokine could not be released by the soluble TNF-α-receptors, although it could be released by anti-TNF-α Ab. TNF-α was also found to interact with soluble FN, although with a lower affinity. Similar to the soluble cytokine, the FN-bound TNF-α appears to be functional; it augmented the β1-integrin-mediated adhesiveness of activated CD4+ human T cells to the glycoprotein. Hence, binding of TNF-α to immobilized FN, which modifies its functional accessibility to soluble TNF- α receptors, does not abolish but rather may locally restrict its activity. This study suggests that a major ECM glycoprotein can present, in a restricted manner, a functional adhesion-modulating cytokine to immune cells, and that ECM glycoproteins may regulate their intrinsic cell-adhesive properties by associating with cytokines.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - 1 Feb 1994|