Time to surgery: Is it truly crucial in initially stable patients with penetrating injury?

ITG

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Abstract

Background: Treatment recommendations for patients with penetrating abdominal injury are well established. Trauma victims with clear indications for surgery, should undergo immediate operative intervention without any delay or additional imaging. However, the optimal time for surgery remains unclear. There are some significant advantages in preoperative abdominal CT, including gathering essential information regarding a few difficult to reach anatomical areas, avoiding unnecessary explorations associated with increased morbidity and assessing the existence of extra-abdominal injuries that may have non-expectable impact on initial therapeutic plan. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of "time-to-surgery" on final medical outcomes in patients with penetrating abdominal trauma with normal blood pressure on admission. Methods: A retrospective cohort study using the Israeli National Trauma Registry was conducted from 2000- 2018. This study included trauma patients with penetrating injuries and a systolic blood pressure of 90mmHg or above on admission. All patients included in the study were divided into three groups according to the time that lapsed from their admission to surgery: half an hour, an hour, and two hours. We assessed the outcome for each patient, including length of hospital stay, need for intensive care and mortality. Statistical analysis was performed using the Chi-square test, ANOVA test. A p-value of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The study included 1,136 penetrating trauma patients. Among these, 78.0% (886) had sustained low-energy penetrating injury (SWPI) and 22.0% (250) had sustained high-energy penetrating injury (FAPI). Males accounted for 93.5% (1,062) of the patients. Mean age was 30.4. About 29% (327) of all the patients underwent surgery within 30 minutes from admission, 42% (475) within 30-60 min, and 29% (334) patients were operated within one to two hours. Patients who underwent surgery within 30 minutes, had worse ISS and GCS scores and were, therefore, more likely to have worse clinical outcomes. No other differences in outcomes were found in patients who were operated upon within 2 hours. Conclusions: Time to surgery within two hours from admission has no impact on final outcomes in trauma patients with penetrating injury and normal blood pressure on admission.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-199
Number of pages5
JournalInjury
Volume52
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2021

Keywords

  • Computed tomography
  • Explorative laparotomy
  • Penetrating abdominal trauma
  • Time-to surgery

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