Thrombospondin synthesized and secreted by human endothelial cells in culture binds specifically to fibronectin immobilized on Sepharose beads. It can also bind to immobilized platelet‐derived thrombospondin but not to immobilized gelatin or albumin. These interactions are not dependent on the presence of divalent cations or of other secreted materials. Purified platelet thrombospondin binds to fibronectin and fibrinogen immobilized on plastic surfaces with dissociation constants of 1.12 ± 0.37 × 10−7 M and 1.27 ± 0.41 × 10−7 M respectively, and to thrombospondin immobilized on plastic with dissociation constant of 4.82 ± 1.01 × 10−7 M. The affinities of interaction are not significantly affected by removal of divalent cations. Soluble fibrinogen inhibits binding of thrombospondin to fibronectin regardless of which of the latter two is surface‐bound. Thrombospondin‐fibronectin interaction is also inhibited by soluble thrombospondin. The binding of soluble thrombospondin to surface‐bound fibrinogen is inhibited both by soluble fibronectin and soluble fibrinogen. These results suggest that thrombospondin plays a role both in platelet‐platelet aggregation and in platelet‐substratum adhesion, and that it may also take part in the construction of the extracellular matrix.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||European Journal of Biochemistry|
|State||Published - Nov 1984|