The effect of thromboprophylaxis with low molecular weight heparin (LMWH), on the subsequent live birth rate, in thrombophilic women with recurrent miscarriage has not been sufficiently assessed. The present study is a cohort study undertaken to assess the effect of enoxaparin on the subsequent live birth rate in women with hereditary thrombophila. Eighty-five patients with three or more consecutive pregnancy losses and a hereditary thrombophilia subsequently conceived. Thirty-seven were treated with daily subcutaneous injections of enoxaparin 40mg and 48 were not treated. The outcome of the subsequent pregnancy was assessed in both groups of patients in terms of live births or repeat miscarriage. Forty-seven of the 85 patients were subsequently delivered, 38 have miscarried. Twenty-six of the 37 pregnancies in treated patients (70.2%) resulted in live births, compared with 21 of 48 (43.8%) in untreated patients (P <0.02, OR 3.03, 95% CI 1.12-8.36). The beneficial effect was seen mainly in primary aborters, i.e. women with no previous live births (P <0.008, OR 9.75, 95% CI 1.59-52.48). This benefit was also found in patients with a poor prognosis for a live birth (five or more miscarriages), where the live birth rate was increased from 18.2% to 61.6%. However, the benefit was not statistically significant, probably due to the small number of patients. If the beneficial effects of enoxaparin are confirmed by additional studies, thromboprophylaxis can be recommended for patients with hereditary thrombophilia and recurrent pregnancy loss.
- Recurrent pregnancy