Thrombin receptor PAR-1 on myelin at the node of Ranvier: A new anatomy and physiology of conduction block

Efrat Shavit, Orit Beilin, Amos D. Korczyn, Constantin Sylantiev, Ramona Aronovich, Vivian E. Drory, David Gurwitz, Ido Horresh, Rachel Bar-Shavit, Elior Peles, Joab Chapman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Inflammatory demyelinating diseases of peripheral nerves are associated with altered nerve conduction and with activation of the coagulation pathway. Thrombin mediates many of its effects through protease-activated receptor 1 (PAR-1). We examined the possibility that thrombin may mediate conduction abnormalities through PAR-1 on rat sciatic nerve. PAR-1 was found to be present by both RT-PCR and Western blot analysis of the sciatic nerve. Activation of PAR-1 by a specific peptide agonist caused a 3-fold increase in phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) in the sciatic nerve indicating the existence of functional receptors in the nerve. By confocal immunofluoresence microscopy of the sciatic nerve using anti-PAR-1 antibody and double staining for the paranodal marker contactin-associated protein 1 (Caspr1) or the nodal markers gliomedin and ezrin, the receptor was localized predominantly to myelin microvilli at the node of Ranvier. Thrombin and the PAR-1-specific agonist were applied to exposed rat sciatic nerve and their effects on nerve conduction were measured. Thrombin at concentrations of 100 and 200 U/ml and PAR-1 agonists 150 and 300 μM produced a conduction block within 30 min of application. This effect was maintained for at least 1 h and was reversible by washing. The function of the nodal non-compacted myelin is not well known. The current results implicate this structure and PAR-1 activation in the pathogenesis of conduction block in inflammatory and thrombotic nerve diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1113-1122
Number of pages10
JournalBrain
Volume131
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2008

Keywords

  • Conduction block
  • Node of Ranvier
  • Protease activated receptors
  • Thrombin

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