Thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI): A novel predictor of angiographic coronary restenosis

Herbert K. Lau, Amit Segev, Robert A. Hegele, John D. Sparkes, Jerome M. Teitel, Robert J. Chisholm, Bradley H. Strauss*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


The fibrinolytic system is closely related to several processes that are involved in restenosis.We previously showed that low PAI-1 plasma levels predicted restenosis. Recently, a different fibrinolytic inhibitor, TAFI, has been described. The aims of this study were to evaluate the relationship between pre-procedural plasma levels of TAFI and late angiographic restenosis and the interaction between TAFI and PAI-1 .We prospectively studied 159 patients with stable angina who underwent successful elective angioplasty or stenting of de novo native coronary artery lesions. TAFI and PAI-1 antigen levels were measured in plasma samples drawn before the procedure. Follow-up coronary angiography was performed in 92% of patients. There was a significant correlation between pre-procedural TAFI levels and 6-month % diameter stenosis (DS) (r = 0.21; p = 0.013). The overall angiographic restenosis rate (DS>50%) was 31%. Pre-procedural TAFI levels were significantly higher in patients with restenosis (108 ± 33% versus 94±30%, p = 0.011). Restenosis rates for patients in the upper tertile of TAFI levels were 2-fold higher than for those in the lowest tertile (45% versus 22%; p = 0.016). A combination of high TAFI and low PAI-1 levels identified patients at the highest risk of restenosis (53%) compared to 14% in patients with low TAFI and high PAI-1 levels; p = 0.027. In conclusion, pre-procedural plasma TAFI antigen levels identify patients at increased risk for restenosis after PCI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1187-1191
Number of pages5
JournalThrombosis and Haemostasis
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Fibrinolysis
  • PAI-1
  • Restenosis
  • TAFI


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