Three dimensional printing as an aid for pre-operative planning in complex cases of total joint arthroplasty: A case series

Samuel Morgan, Juan Barriga, Solomon Dadia, Omri Merose, Amir Sternheim, Nimrod Snir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Digital templating is an essential aspect of pre-operative planning for total joint arthroplasty procedures. For complex cases of joint reconstruction, the standard templating software is insufficient to achieve the desired accuracy. 3D printing significantly aids the pre-operative planning in complicated cases of joint reconstruction and offers immense potential towards improving outcomes in these cases. The purpose of the present study is to present the various ways in which 3D printing has aided our department in facilitating complex cases of lower extremity reconstruction. Methods: Data was retrospectively retrieved for all patients that underwent total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with the aid of 3D printing technology at our institution between January 2016–February 2021. Patient pain was determined before and after surgery using the visual analogue scale (VAS). Patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) were additionally analyzed using the hip disability and osteoarthritis outcome score (HOOS) and knee injury and osteoarthritis outcome score (KOOS). Results: The final study population consisted of 39 patients that underwent TKA or THA procedures with the use of 3D printing. Twenty-four (61.5%) of the surgeries in the study were THA procedures, whereas 15 (38.5%) were TKA procedures. The average VAS for patients reduced from 8.4% before surgery to 5.4% after surgery (p < 0.001). The mean KOOS of patients that underwent TKA was 17.33 ± 9.33 (43%) and the mean HOOS of patients that underwent THA was 13.79 ± 6.6 (42%). Conclusions: The following series demonstrates the ability by which 3D printing facilitates complex cases of hip and knee reconstruction. 3D printing offers an improvement in understanding of patient specific anatomy, enhancing patient outcomes. Departments should consider the use of 3D printing technology as an adjunct when performing complex cases of lower extremity reconstruction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)142-146
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Orthopaedics
Volume34
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2022

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