Three-dimensional analysis of mode discrimination in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers

Martin Achtenhagen, Amos Hardy, Eli Kapon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Optical mode discrimination in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers that contain distributed Bragg reflectors (DBRs) and a spatially limited gain medium is analyzed numerically. It is assumed that the output field is linearly polarized owing to gain selectivity. The analysis employs a three-dimensional model and an angular spectrum of plane-wave decomposition with the proper polarizations. Two types of round aperture are considered, namely, a Gaussian aperture and a ring-peak aperture that represents gain saturation. Coupled with the DBRs, the former aperture yields nearly Laguerre-Gaussian modes, whereas the latter aperture significantly distorts the mode shapes. In both cases, narrowband DBRs provide the best mode discrimination.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2832-2837
Number of pages6
JournalApplied Optics
Volume44
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - 10 May 2005

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