Threat Monitoring and Attention-Bias Modification in Anxiety and Stress-Related Disorders

Tomer Shechner, Yair Bar-Haim*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


Extensive research has demonstrated the effects of threat-related attentional bias on anxiety and stress-related disorders. This review summarizes recent findings from clinical affective neuroscience. It takes a multilevel analysis approach by presenting behavioral and neural findings from studies conducted in laboratories, clinical settings, and real-life situations. Building on recent findings, we propose a new working model linking individual tendencies to attend or avoid threats with the level of danger in a given context. Namely, adaptive or pathological response is determined by threat-monitoring flexibility and plasticity in an ever-changing environment. The review culminates by describing the potential therapeutic value of attention-bias modification in the treatment of anxiety and stress-related disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)431-437
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Directions in Psychological Science
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2016


  • PTSD
  • anxiety
  • attention bias
  • attention-bias modification


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