THF-γ2-mediated reduction of pulmonary metastases and augmentation of immunocompetence in C57BL/6 mice bearing B16-melanoma

Rachel Ophir*, Gila Moalem, Marit Pecht, Merav Shashoua, Gloria Rashid, Shlomo Ben-Efraim, Nathan Trainin, Yigal Burstein, Yona Keisari

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Immunotherapy with the immunomodulating thymic humoral factor-γ2 (THF-γ2) octapeptide, combined with 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU) chemotherapy, will be used for enhancing host immune response to arrest pulmonary metastases of a B16-F10.9 melanoma tumor. In this experimental model of pulmonary metastasis, the highly metastatic B16-F10.9 melanoma tumor cells (2 × 105) were inoculated into the footpad of mice to form a primary tumor. The tumor-bearing leg was surgically removed on reaching the size of 5.5 mm, which resulted in the appearance of metastases in the lungs of the animals. After tumor excision, mice were treated intraperitoneally with a single dose of BCNU (20 or 35 mg/kg) followed by a series of intraperitoneal THF-γ2 injections (1 µg’0.5 ml’injection). Relative to untreated mice and those receiving chemotherapy alone, the antitumor action of the combined THF-γ2 chemoimmunotherapy protocol was significantly augmented according to the following in vivo parameters: (a) decreased postsurgical spontaneous metastatic burden; (b) prolonged survival time; (c) increased resistance to tumor cell challenge, and (d) massive infiltration of lymphocytes, polymorphonuclear cells, and macrophages in the lung tissue. The THF-γ2 immunotherapy also prevented a decrease in lymphocyte reactivity, otherwise induced by the tumor’BCNU chemotherapy. THF-γ2 immunotherapy resulted in restoration of the response to Lipopolysaccharide mitogenic stimulation and the allogeneic response. Our data suggest that postoperative THF-γ2 immunotherapy could be a valuable adjunct to anticancer chemotherapy as a treatment for metastatic arrest of melanoma tumor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-113
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Immunotherapy
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1999


  • B16-F10.9 melanoma
  • BCNU chemotherapy
  • Lung metastases
  • THF-γ2 immunotherapy


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