Thermoluminescence and flash-induced oxygen yield in herbicide resistant mutants of the D1 protein in Synechococcus PCC7942

H. M. Gleiter*, N. Ohad, H. Koike, J. Hirschberg, G. Renger, Y. Inoue

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Several strains of Synechococcus PCC7942 carrying point mutations in the gene psbA were studied by thermoluminescence and polarographic measurement of flash-induced oxygen yield. The following results were obtained: (a) Replacement of Ser-264 in D1 by Ala (mutant Di1) or Gly (mutant G264) resulting in DCMU and atrazine resistance leads to a downshift of the thermoluminescence (TL) B-band peak temperature from 40°C in wild-type thylakoids to about 30°C. In dark adapted samples of both mutants the TL and oxygen yield pattern induced by a train of single turnover flashes were strongly damped indicative of a high miss factor. (b) In contrast to Ser-264 mutants, replacement of Phe-255 in D1 by Tyr (mutant Tyr5) induced strong resistance to atrazine but not to DCMU and did not affect the peak temperature of the B-band and the flash-induced TL and oxygen yield patterns. In this respect mutant Tyr5 resembles the wild type. (c) No significant differences have been found between strains with single site mutations in psbAI and normal psbAII/psbAIII genes, and strains with same mutations in psbAI but additional deletion of psbAII and psbAIII. Obviously in strains were psbAI is present, PS II complexes containing gene products of psbAII and psbAIII are not assembled in detectable amounts. (d) Strains with double mutations at positions 264 and 255 display a downshift of the B-band peak temperature. Their oscillatory patterns of B-band intensity and oxygen yield are highly damped. This behaviour is similiar to strains D1 and G264 which are modified at position 264 only. We extend reports on additivity of mutation effects on herbicide binding to binding of QB. (e) Mutations at the QB site not only influence the binding of QB and herbicides but also change the thermoluminescence quantum yield and the lifetimes of the redox states S2 and S3 of the water oxidase. This finding might indicate long ranging effects on Photosystem II exerted by structural modifications of the QB site. From these data we conclude that Ser-264 is essential for binding of atrazine, DCMU and QB, whereas Phe-255 is involved in atrazine binding and its substitution by Tyr does not markedly affect QB or DCMU binding in Synechococcus PCC7942.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-143
Number of pages9
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics
Issue number2
StatePublished - 7 Dec 1992
Externally publishedYes


  • (Synechococcus PCC7942)
  • D1 protein
  • Herbicide resistance
  • Oxygen evolution
  • Photosynthesis
  • Thermoluminescence


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