Thermodynamics and evaporation of the (2+1)-dimensional black hole

Benni Reznik*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The properties of cannonical and microcanonical ensembles of a black hole with thermal radiation and the problem of black hole evaporation in three dimensions (3D) are studied. In 3D Einsteinantide Sitter gravity we have two relevant mass scales, mc=1/G and mP=(Latin small letter h with stroke2/G)1/3, which are particularly relevant for the evaporation problem. It is argued that in the weak coupling regime <(Latin small letter h with strokeG)-2, the end point of an evaporating black hole formed with an initial mass m0>mP is likely to be a stable remnant in equilibrium with thermal radiation. The relevance of these results for the information problem and for the issue of back reaction is discussed. In the strong coupling regime >(Latin small letter h with strokeG)-2, a full fledged quantum gravity treatment is required. Since the total energy of thermal states in antide Sitter space with reflective boundary conditions at spatial infinity is bounded and conserved, the canonical and microcanonical ensembles are well defined. For a given temperature or energy, black hole states are locally stable. In the weak coupling regime black hole states are more probable than pure radiation states.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1728-1732
Number of pages5
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1995


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