Thermodynamic trade-off relation for first passage time in resetting processes

P. S. Pal, Arnab Pal, Hyunggyu Park, Jae Sung Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Resetting is a strategy for boosting the speed of a target-searching process. Since its introduction over a decade ago, most studies have been carried out under the assumption that resetting takes place instantaneously. However, due to its irreversible nature, resetting processes incur a thermodynamic cost, which becomes infinite in the case of instantaneous resetting. Here, we take into consideration both the cost and the first passage time (FPT) required for a resetting process, in which the reset or return to the initial location is implemented using a trapping potential over a finite but random time period. An iterative generating function and a counting functional method à la Feynman and Kac are employed to calculate the FPT and the average work for this process. From these results, we obtain an explicit form of the time-cost trade-off relation, which provides the lower bound of the mean FPT for a given work input when the trapping potential is linear. This trade-off relation clearly shows that instantaneous resetting is achievable only when an infinite amount of work is provided. More surprisingly, the trade-off relation derived from the linear potential seems to be valid for a wide range of trapping potentials. In addition, we have also shown that the fixed-time or sharp resetting can further enhance the trade-off relation compared to that of the stochastic resetting.

Original languageEnglish
Article number044117
JournalPhysical Review E
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2023
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Thermodynamic trade-off relation for first passage time in resetting processes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this