TY - JOUR

T1 - Thermodynamic trade-off relation for first passage time in resetting processes

AU - Pal, P. S.

AU - Pal, Arnab

AU - Park, Hyunggyu

AU - Lee, Jae Sung

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 American Physical Society.

PY - 2023/10

Y1 - 2023/10

N2 - Resetting is a strategy for boosting the speed of a target-searching process. Since its introduction over a decade ago, most studies have been carried out under the assumption that resetting takes place instantaneously. However, due to its irreversible nature, resetting processes incur a thermodynamic cost, which becomes infinite in the case of instantaneous resetting. Here, we take into consideration both the cost and the first passage time (FPT) required for a resetting process, in which the reset or return to the initial location is implemented using a trapping potential over a finite but random time period. An iterative generating function and a counting functional method à la Feynman and Kac are employed to calculate the FPT and the average work for this process. From these results, we obtain an explicit form of the time-cost trade-off relation, which provides the lower bound of the mean FPT for a given work input when the trapping potential is linear. This trade-off relation clearly shows that instantaneous resetting is achievable only when an infinite amount of work is provided. More surprisingly, the trade-off relation derived from the linear potential seems to be valid for a wide range of trapping potentials. In addition, we have also shown that the fixed-time or sharp resetting can further enhance the trade-off relation compared to that of the stochastic resetting.

AB - Resetting is a strategy for boosting the speed of a target-searching process. Since its introduction over a decade ago, most studies have been carried out under the assumption that resetting takes place instantaneously. However, due to its irreversible nature, resetting processes incur a thermodynamic cost, which becomes infinite in the case of instantaneous resetting. Here, we take into consideration both the cost and the first passage time (FPT) required for a resetting process, in which the reset or return to the initial location is implemented using a trapping potential over a finite but random time period. An iterative generating function and a counting functional method à la Feynman and Kac are employed to calculate the FPT and the average work for this process. From these results, we obtain an explicit form of the time-cost trade-off relation, which provides the lower bound of the mean FPT for a given work input when the trapping potential is linear. This trade-off relation clearly shows that instantaneous resetting is achievable only when an infinite amount of work is provided. More surprisingly, the trade-off relation derived from the linear potential seems to be valid for a wide range of trapping potentials. In addition, we have also shown that the fixed-time or sharp resetting can further enhance the trade-off relation compared to that of the stochastic resetting.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85174543779&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevE.108.044117

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevE.108.044117

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AN - SCOPUS:85174543779

SN - 2470-0045

VL - 108

JO - Physical Review E

JF - Physical Review E

IS - 4

M1 - 044117

ER -