Thermal shrinkage of electrospun PVP nanofibers

Oren Elishav, Vadim Beilin, Ofer Rozent, Gennady E. Shter, Gideon S. Grader*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper outlines the shrinkage of electrospun polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) fiber mats during thermal treatment. The thermal behavior and phase changes within the fibers were investigated by DSC and TGA/DTA. Five precursors with different PVP loading in ethanol were electrospun. The mats shrinkage as function of temperature was measured in the RT–200 °C range. Shrinkage rate drastically increased above the polymer glass transition point, Tg (150–180 °C), due to increase in polymer chain mobility. Mats shrinkage at 200 °C as function of PVP concentration showed a minimum at ∼10%wt. Below 10% PVP the mats morphology is non-uniform, consisting of beads and fibers. Above 10% PVP, only flat and uniform fibers were observed. This paper outlines the dominant mechanism governing the mats shrinkage during heating. In addition, the effect of PVP concentration on the expansion of fibers diameter was investigated and found to be consistent with the linear shrinkage observing a minimum at ∼10% PVP. The effect of applied voltage on mat shrinkage was investigated, and showed a minimum at 12 kV. Understanding the interplay between fibers morphology and thermal shrinkage allows precursor composition and system optimization needed for minimizing shrinkage negative effects on the structure and properties of electrospun fiber mats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)248-254
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • PVP
  • electrospinning
  • nanofiber
  • shrinkage
  • thermal properties


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