Therapeutic Approach to Botulinum Injections for Hemifacial Spasm, Synkinesis and Blepharospasm

Gilad Yahalom*, Amir Janah, Gustavo Rajz, Roni Eichel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aim of this study was to show our therapeutic outcome of botulinum injection to the facial muscles and thereby to find the best therapeutic concept which should be embraced. The decision to treat the lower eyelid with 1-point or 2-points injection was randomly taken as there is no consensus regarding this debate. Injections of the lateral end of the upper eyelid were performed more laterally to the conventional injection point, just lateral to the conjunction of the upper and lower eyelids. Twenty-three patients (12 hemifacial spasm, 6 blepharospasm, 5 post facial palsy synkinesis) were enrolled. Data were retrieved from 112 visits between 2019 and 2022. Overall, 84.9% of the treatments had moderate or marked improvement. The most common side effect was facial weakness (11.8%). Neither ptosis nor diplopia were noted. Two-points regimen in the lower eyelid was associated with a lower risk of facial weakness (p = 0.01), compared to 1-point regimen, with a better therapeutic outcome as reflected by more favorable PGI-C scores (p = 0.04). Injection of the pretarsal segment of the upper eyelid, just onto or even lateral to the conjunction of the upper and lower eyelids, lowers the risk of ptosis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number362
JournalToxins
Volume14
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • approach
  • blepharospasm
  • botulinum
  • efficacy
  • hemifacial spasm
  • side effects

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