Therapeutic angiogenesis of mouse hind limb ischemia by novel peptide activating GRP78 receptor on endothelial cells

Britta Hardy*, Alexander Battler, Chana Weiss, Orly Kudasi, Annat Raiter

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations


Therapeutic angiogenesis emerged as a non-invasive mean of promoting neovascularization in ischemic tissues. We have searched for new molecules that induce angiogenesis by screening a phage display combinatory peptide library on endothelial cells. One of the selected peptides identified by binding to endothelial cells under hypoxic conditions was further studied. The aim of this study was to assess the therapeutic value of this peptide, RoY, in a mouse hind limb ischemia model and to identify it's receptor on endothelial cells. RoY, a 12 amino-acid synthetic peptide, induced in vitro angiogeneic activity under hypoxic conditions by increasing endothelial cell proliferation, migration and tube formation. In order to assess its therapeutic properties in ischemic tissues, a hind limb ischemia model was induced in C57BL mice by a femoral artery excision. A single local intramuscular injection of RoY peptide to the operated limb, significantly restored blood perfusion and alleviated hind limb ischemia as determined by a laser Doppler imager. Increased capillary density in histological sections corroborated these findings. Protein precipitation and mass spectroscopy studies identified GRP78, a heat shock protein, as the peptide-binding membrane receptor that was increased on endothelial cell membranes under hypoxic conditions. This study demonstrates the efficacy of RoY peptide in alleviation of hind limb ischemia. In addition, it provides evidence that GRP78 is an angiogenic receptor on hypoxic endothelial cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)891-899
Number of pages9
JournalBiochemical Pharmacology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 15 Feb 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Angiogenesis
  • Endothelial cells
  • GRP78
  • Hypoxia
  • Ischemia
  • Peptides


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