Theoretical study of the distal-side steric and electrostatic effects on the vibrational characteristics of the FeCO unit of the carbonylheme proteins and their models

Boris Kushkuley, Solomon S. Stavrov*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The vibronic theory of activation and quantum chemical intermediate neglect of differential overlap (INDO) calculations are used to study the activation of carbon monoxide (change of the C-O bond index and force field constant) by the imidazole complex with heme in dependence on the distortion of the porphyrin ring, geometry of the CO coordination, iron-carbon and iron- imidazole distances, iron displacement out of the porphyrin plane, and presence of the charged groups in the heme environment. It is shown that the main contribution to the CO activation stems from the change in the σ donation from the 5σ CO orbital to iron, and back-bonding from the iron to the 2π* orbital of CO. It follows from the results that none of the studied distortions can explain, by itself, the wide variation of the C-O vibrational frequency in the experimentally studied model compounds and heme proteins. To study the dependence of the properties of the FeCO unit on the presence of charged groups in the heme environment, the latter are simulated by the homogeneous electric field and point charges of different magnitude and location. The results show that charged groups can strongly affect the strength of the C-O bond and its vibrational frequency. It is found that the charges located on the distal side of the heme plane can affect the Fe-C and C-O bond indexes (and, consequently, the Fe-C and C-O vibrational frequencies), both in the same and in opposite directions, depending on their position. The theoretical results allow us to understand the peculiarities of the effect of charged groups on the properties of the FeCO unit both in heme proteins and in their model compounds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1214-1229
Number of pages16
JournalBiophysical Journal
Volume70
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1996

Funding

FundersFunder number
Center for Scientists Absorption
Ministry of Absorption of Israel
Sackler Fund for Scientists Absorption

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