The X-ray, optical, and infrared counterpart to GRB 980703

P. M. Vreeswijk*, T. J. Galama, A. Owens, T. Oosterbroek, T. R. Geballe, J. Van Paradijs, P. J. Groot, C. Kouveliotou, T. Koshut, N. Tanvir, R. A.M.J. Wijers, E. Pian, E. Palazzi, F. Frontera, N. Masetti, C. Robinson, M. Briggs, J. J.M. In 'T Zand, J. Heise, L. PiroE. Costa, M. Feroci, L. A. Antonelli, K. Hurley, J. Greiner, D. A. Smith, A. M. Levine, Y. Lipkin, E. Leibowitz, C. Lidman, A. Pizzella, H. Böhnhardt, V. Doublier, S. Chaty, I. Smail, A. Blain, J. H. Hough, S. Young, N. Suntzeff

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We report on X-ray, optical, and infrared follow-up observations of GRB 980703. We detect a previously unknown X-ray source in the GRB error box; assuming a power-law decline, we find for its decay index α < -0.91 (3 σ). We invoke host-galaxy extinction to match the observed spectral slope with the slope expected from "fireball" models. We find no evidence for a spectral break in the infrared to X-ray spectral range on 1998 July 4.4, and determine a lower limit of the cooling break frequency, vc > 1.3 × 1017 Hz. For this epoch we obtain an extinction of AV = 1.50 ± 0.11. From the X-ray data we estimate the optical extinction to be AV = 20.2-7.3+12.3, inconsistent with the former value. Our optical spectra confirm the redshift of z = 0.966. We compare the afterglow of GRB 980703 with that of GRB 970508 and find that the fraction of the energy in the magnetic field, ∈B < 6 × 10-5, is much lower in the case of GRB 980703, as a consequence of the high frequency of the cooling break.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171-176
Number of pages6
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1 PART 1
StatePublished - 20 Sep 1999


  • Gamma rays: bursts
  • Infrared: galaxies
  • Radiation mechanisms: nonthermal
  • X-rays: galaxies


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