The Work Intervention Network (WIN): Foundations of a Holistic Vocational Intervention

Kelsey L. Autin*, Blake A. Allan, David L. Blustein, Saliha Kozan, Ofer Sharone, Brian J. Stevenson, Rachel Gali Cinamon, Joaquim Ferreira, Mindi N. Thompson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The aim of the current study was to examine whether the key constructs targeted in the Work Intervention Network (WIN) intervention uniquely predicted well-being outcomes and mediated relations between un/underemployment and these outcomes. Using data from a sample of 462 adults in the U.S., we positioned employment status as a predictor of life satisfaction, well-being, and psychological distress. We also tested four mediators of these relations that operationalized targets in the WIN intervention – career engagement, social support, self-care, and self-blame. Employment status indirectly predicted life satisfaction, life meaning, and psychological distress via self-care and self-blame. Career engagement mediated the relation between employment status and psychological distress but in an unexpected direction. Social support was not directly predicted by employment status but predicted life satisfaction and life meaning. Results provided initial support for the WIN intervention and corroborate the contention that employment status is an important predictor of well-being.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)648-664
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Career Assessment
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 2023


  • underemployment
  • unemployment
  • vocational intervention


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