The visibility-voronoi complex and its applications

Ron Wein*, Jur P. Van Den Berg, Dan Halperin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

35 Scopus citations


We introduce a new type of diagram called the VV(c)-diagram (the Visibility-Voronoi diagram for clearance c), which is a hybrid between the visibility graph and the Voronoi diagram of polygons in the plane. It evolves from the visibility graph to the Voronoi diagram as the parameter c grows from 0 to ∞, This diagram can be used for planning natural-looking paths for a robot translating amidst polygonal obstacles in the plane. A natural-looking path is short, smooth, and keeps - where possible - an amount of clearance c from the obstacles. The VV(c)-diagram contains such paths. We also propose an algorithm that is capable of preprocessing a scene of configuration-space polygonal obstacles and constructs a data structure called the VV-complex. The VV-complex can be used to efficiently plan motion paths for any start and goal configuration and any clearance value c, without having to explicitly construct the VV(c)-diagram for that c-value. The preprocessing time is O(n2 log n), where n is the total number of obstacle vertices, and the data structure can be queried directly for any c-value by merely performing a Dijkstra search. We have implemented a CGAL-based software package for computing the VV(c)-diagram in an exact manner for a given clearance value, and used it to plan natural-looking paths in various applications.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages10
StatePublished - 2005
Event21st Annual Symposium on Computational Geometry, SCG'05 - Pisa, Italy
Duration: 6 Jun 20058 Jun 2005


Conference21st Annual Symposium on Computational Geometry, SCG'05


FundersFunder number
Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities
Israel Science Foundation
Tel Aviv University


    • Motion planning
    • Path optimization
    • Visibility graphs
    • Voronoi diagrams


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