The validity of direct versus semi- direct oral tests

Elana Shohamy*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The article reports the results of a study which examined the validity of two oral language tests - one direct and one semi-direct. While concurrent validity of the two types of tests (as obtained via correlations in a number of earlier studies) was high, a variety of qualitative analyses indicated that the two tests differed in a number of aspects. Differences were found in the elicitation tasks (in the number and types of functions and topics) and in the language samples obtained (in communicative strategies and in the discourse features). Conclusions are drawn regarding the need to validate tests from multiple perspectives.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-123
Number of pages25
JournalLanguage Testing
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jul 1994


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