The usefulness of Telemedicine for the detection of infection/inflammation at the point of care

Rivka Rotstein, Shlomo Berliner, Renato Fusman, Itzhak Shapira, Daniel Avitzour, Nadir Arber, David Zeltser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The objective of this study is to examine the possibility of using Telemedicine to diagnose the presence of the inflammatory response and to assess its intensity at the point of care. One drop of citrated peripheral venous blood from 15 patients with infection/inflammation and 15 controls were used to prepare the slides. Unstained pictures were analyzed using a microscope, video camera and image analyzer (INFLAMET™, Biovision, Tel Aviv, Israel). The jpg-compressed images were transferred via telephone to a physician in a remote location. A significant correlation was noted between the white blood cell count and the number of leukocytes per square mm by image analysis (r = 0.67 p < 0.0001 n = 30), between the degree of leukocyte adhesiveness/aggregation and the concentration of C-reactive protein (r = 0.42 p = 0.02 n = 29) and between the degree of erythrocyte aggregation and either fibrinogen concentrations (r = 0.73 p < 0.0001) or erythrocyte sedimentation (r = 0.83, p < 0.0001). No problems occurred during file transmission and there were no transfer errors. Physicians can successfully estimate the presence of an inflammatory response and its intensity using a simple slide test, image analysis, and Telemedicine technology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)317-323
Number of pages7
JournalTelemedicine Journal and e-Health
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

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