Gamma knife radiosurgery (GK-RS) is a technique applied in selected cases of mesial-temporal epilepsy, although still limited to centres with adequate instrumentation and expertise. Here, we report a case of radio surgery targeted with the aid of electrical source imaging that localizes the cortical area generating the scalp epileptic discharges. The patient, a 39-year-old male, presented with a right mesio-temporal lesion; electrical source imaging localization partially overlapped with the lesional area but showed an important activation of the omolateral frontal area, concordant with the epileptic network. The patient underwent GK-RS, with good neurosurgical and clinical results. A radiosurgical ellipsoidal treatment volume area of 2×2×2 cm3, located over the right temporo-mesial region within a centre showing abnormal signal intensity, was considered. Seven months after treatment, the patient developed brain oedema that gradually resolved after one year. After three years of follow-up, the patient was seizure-free (Engel class I). Our very preliminary experience suggests that electrical source imaging appears to be a useful supporting tool for the definition of the radiosurgical treatment volume in selected patients with temporo-mesial lesional epilepsy.
- Epilepsy surgery
- Inverse solution problem
- Radiosurgery high-density EEG