The Use of Bone Block Allografts for Vertical Augmentation of the Extremely Atrophic Mandible

Gavriel Chaushu, Eli Rosenfeld, Leon Gillman, Liat Chaushu, Joseph Nissan, Gal Avishai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Treatment alternatives based on implant-supported prostheses (ISPs) may be almost impossible in cases with extremely atrophic mandibles. Vertical bone augmentation is then the only possibility to achieve an ISP. Materials and Methods: The consequences of vertical augmentation in extremely atrophic mandibles (≤ 10-mm bone height) of edentulous patients using allogeneic block grafts via a submental approach were assessed. The recorded parameters were sex, age, physical status, hospitalization duration, postoperative complications, implant characteristics (length, diameter), early and late implant failure (yes/no; primary outcome variable). Bone height was measured at three points using the pre-grafting and pre–implant placement CBCT imaging. The difference between the measurements was defined as bone gain (primary outcome variable). Results: Sixteen patients (2 men, 14 women) were included. The preoperative bone height ranged from 4 to 10 mm. A mean of 5.3 ± 1 months was allowed for graft consolidation. The average bone height gain was 11.2 ± 3.1 mm. Two to six dental implants were placed in the grafted bone. Early implant failure occurred in 4 out of 73 (5.5%). Follow-up ranged from 12 to 92 (mean: 48 ± 30) months. All patients were followed for more than a year, and two additional late implant failures were recorded, rendering a 92% cumulative survival rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)142-151
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Implants
Volume36
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Bone graft
  • Bone substitute
  • Full edentulism
  • Overdenture
  • Surgical procedure

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