[The use of antibiotic prophylaxis prior to dental procedures for the prevention of prosthetic joint infection].

G. Volfin*, N. Yarom, S. Elad, G. Volpin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a severe illness which may cause pain and discomfort, may damage the quality of life and may even be life-threatening. A variety of studies have demonstrated the presence of bacteria in a small but potentially dangerous number of prosthetic joint infections that may have originated in the oral cavity. Some dental treatments such as calculus removal, extractions, dental implants placements etc. and daily oral hygiene routines such as tooth brushing may cause bacteremia. Recently the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) published updated guidelines for antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent prosthetic joint infections. These guidelines suggest a direct and established connection between dental treatments and prosthetic joint infections, and expand the criteria to prescribe antibiotic prophylaxis prior to dental procedures associated with bacteremia. The purpose of this review is to introduce these new guidelines, and to review the literature regarding the relationship between dental care and prosthetic joint infections.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-45, 74
JournalRefuat Hapeh Vehashinayim
Volume28
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2011

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