The Three Rhotic Phonemes in Tyare Neo-Aramaic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Whereas many North-Eastern Neo-Aramaic (nena) dialects exhibit two rhotic (R-) phonemes, mostly an alveolar /r/ as opposed to an emphatic alveolar /r/, a striking feature related to rhotic differentiation, hitherto attested only in the Christian nena dialect of Baritle, is a threefold distinction of retroflex, alveolar and emphatic alveolar R-phonemes. This article demonstrates that such a distinction exists also in the Christian nena dialect-cluster of Tyare, discusses the nature and distribution of each of the three R-phonemes in Tyare, and suggests a diachronic account of the threefold split of r in this dialect-cluster.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)168-184
Number of pages17
JournalAramaic Studies
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2014


  • Akkadian substrate words
  • North-Eastern Neo-Aramaic (nena)
  • Tyare Neo-Aramaic
  • classicisms
  • inherited nena lexicon
  • retroflex rhotic phoneme
  • rhotic phoneme


Dive into the research topics of 'The Three Rhotic Phonemes in Tyare Neo-Aramaic'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this