The structural network of inflammation and cancer: Merits and challenges

Emine Guven Maiorov, Ozlem Keskin, Attila Gursoy, Ruth Nussinov

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Inflammation, the first line of defense against pathogens can contribute to all phases of tumorigenesis, including tumor initiation, promotion and metastasis. Within this framework, the Toll-like receptor (TLR) pathway plays a central role in inflammation and cancer. Although extremely useful, the classical representation of this, and other pathways in the cellular network in terms of nodes (proteins) and edges (interactions) is incomplete. Structural pathways can help complete missing parts of such diagrams: they demonstrate in detail how signals coming from different upstream pathways merge and propagate downstream, how parallel pathways compensate each other in drug resistant mutants, how multi-subunit signaling complexes form and in particular why they are needed and how they work, how allosteric events can control these proteins and their pathways, and intricate details of feedback loops and how kick in. They can also explain the mechanisms of some oncogenic SNP mutations. Constructing structural pathways is a challenging task. Here, our goal is to provide an overview of inflammation and cancer from the structural standpoint, focusing on the TLR pathway. We use the powerful PRISM (PRotein Interactions by Structural Matching) tool to reveal important structural information of interactions in and within key orchestrators of the TLR pathway, such as MyD88.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-251
Number of pages9
JournalSeminars in Cancer Biology
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2013

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Inflammation
  • Inflammation and cancer link
  • MyD88
  • NF-?B
  • Structural data
  • Structural pathway
  • TLR

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