The structural evolution of multiplex organizational networks: Research and commerce in biotechnology

Terry L. Amburgey, Andreas Al-Laham, Danny Tzabbar, Barak Aharonson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

Inter-organizational alliances and the networks they generate have been a central topic in organization theory over the last decade. However, network analyses per se have been static. Even when information over time has been available, the temporal component has been set aside or aggregated to the end point of the study. Substantially more research has been conducted on organizations initiating inter-organizational relationships. The organization-level research has been decidedly dynamic in nature. However, organization-level research has largely examined the structural characteristics of the networks generated by organizational actions. Work combining network-level and organization-level phenomena has been rare and, to our knowledge, no research including the effects of organization-level actions on the evolution of network-level phenomena has occurred. In this chapter we use more than 6000 R&D alliances and more than 6500 M&D alliances initiated by more than 1000 biotech firms in the U.S. over a 30 year period to construct quarterly networks. We test 13 hypotheses linking the actions of the firms to changes in network structure. Utilizing hazard-rate models we test the effects of institutional status, positional status (centrality), and structural status (coreness) of firms on their propensity to form ties with different structural consequences. Our research indicates that both R&D and M&D networks in U.S. biotechnology are developing a distinct core/periphery structure over time. Furthermore, we find support for a process of preferential attachment wherein organizations are more likely to form ties with organizations of similar institutional and structural status. Furthermore, we find evidence for cross effects, for example attachment processes that enfold across the two networks.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNetwork Strategy
EditorsJoel Baum, Timothy Rowley
PublisherEmerald
Pages171-209
Number of pages39
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-84950-531-4
ISBN (Print)9780762314423
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008

Publication series

NameAdvances in Strategic Management
Volume25
ISSN (Print)0742-3322

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