The steady state activity of succinate dehydrogenase in the presence of opposing effectors - II. Reductive activation of succinate dehydrogenase in presence of oxaloacetate

Menachem Gutman*, Nitza Silman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The extent of the deactivation of the mitochondrial succinate dehydrogenase by oxaloacetate is a function of the redox state of the enzyme. Oxidized enzyme is deactivated by much lower concentrations of oxaloacetate than those needed to deactivate reduced enzyme. An accurate method for measuring this relationship is the redox titration of the enzymic activity of succinate dehydrogenase, carried out in the presence of oxaloacetate. For each concentration of oxaloacetate a different redox titration curve was recorded with the apparent mid-potential decreasing with increasing oxaloacetate. These results are compatible with a model which proposes that both oxidized and reduced enzymes can form the catalytically non-active complex with oxaloacetate, but that the complex formed by the oxidized enzyme is more stable than that formed by the reduced enzyme. When the oxaloacetate concentration is low, reduction of the enzyme will lower the fraction of the succinate dehydrogenase-oxaloacetate complex, a reaction which we observe as reductive activation of the enzyme. If this experiment is repeated in the presence of high concentration of oxaloacetate, no activation of the enzyme takes place, but the low stability of the reduced enzyme oxaloacetate complex is revealed by the rapid exchange of the enzyme-bound oxaloacetate with the free ligand. The rate of this exchange is extremely slow at high positive potential and becomes faster upon lowering of the poise potential. The reductive activation of the succinate dehydrogenase is regarded as a two step reaction. In the first step the reduced non-active complex releases the oxaloacetate and in the second step the active form of the enzyme is evolved. These two steps can be observed experimentally; Reductive activation at a redox potential higher than the mid-potential of the oxaloacetate-malate couple (- 166 mV) is characterized by Ea = 18 Kcal/mole, the final equilibrium level of activation decreases upon lowering of the temperature. Reductive activation of the enzyme at -240 mV is a very rapid reaction which goes to completion at all temperatures tested and has an activation energy of 12.5 Kcal/mole. The mechanism of the reductive activation and its possible role in the regulation of succinate dehydrogenase in the mitochondria is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-185
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1975

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