BACKGROUND: Kidney biopsies are not routinely performed for diabetic patients with chronic kidney disease. However in some cases, a biopsy is carried out to exclude other treatable Prolonged duration of diabetes, insulin therapies and presence of diabetic retinopathy were associated with a greater likelihood of DN. The high prevalence of NDRD in our population emphasizes the judicious use of kidney biopsy in diabetic patients. e renal diseases. The prevalence and the nature of non diabetic renal disease (NDRD) among diabetic patients in Israel have not yet been evaluated.
OBJECTIVE: To assess pathological findings of kidney biopsies conducted in patients with diabetes mellitus.
METHODS: A total of 200 native kidney biopsies were performed during the study period. Patients who had a diagnosis of diabetes mellitus were included in the study. Clinical data and pathological findings were retrospectively collected and analyzed.
RESULTS: The cohort included 34 patients, median age 61.8 years. The male to female ratio was 25:9; mean serum creatinine was 1.8 ± 1.2 mg/dl The duration of diabetes was significantly shorter in patients with NDRD (6.8 ± 7.1 years vs. 13.0 ± 9.6 years in diabetic nephropathy (DN) or combined), whereas insulin therapy was significantly more common in patients with DN (72% vs 5% in NDRD). Diabetic retinopathy was documented in 57% of patients with diabetic nephropathy but wasn't documented in any patient with NDRD. Prevalence of NDRD, DN and combined pathology was 58.8%, 32.4% and 8.8% respectively. Neither the level of proteinuria nor the rate of renal function deterioration could predict pathological findings in the biopsy. The most common NDRD disease was nephrosclerosis.
CONCLUSIONS: Non-diabetic renal disease was common. Prolonged duration of diabetes, insulin therapies and presence of diabetic retinopathy were associated with a greater likelihood of DN. The high prevalence of NDRD in our population emphasizes the judicious use of kidney biopsy in diabetic patients.
|Published - 1 Mar 2016