'The Sound Change *ṯ > š in Ṭyare Neo-Aramaic

Hezy Mutzafi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


This article seeks to define the phonetic conditions and dialectal distribution of the sound change *t > š in Ṭyare, a dialect cluster within North-Eastern Neo-Aramaic (NENA). Hardly any reliable information concerning this shift can be learnt from the scholarly literature, for it is almost entirely based on Codex Sachau 337, a late nineteenth century manuscript marred by numerous hyper-corrections, ghost-forms and non-Ṭyare dialectal forms and lexemes, which appear alongside some genuine Ṭyare forms. In light of the author’s research with Ṭyare speakers, it is concluded that the sound change *t > š has initially occurred only after y or i, as a result of partial assimilation, and that it is found in all but four Ṭyare dialects located in the western and southwestern periphery of Ṭyare territory.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)351-364
Number of pages14
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - 2007


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