The significance of the American Urological Association symptom index score in the evaluation of women with bladder outlet obstruction

Asnat Groutz, Jerry G. Blaivas, Gideon Fait, A. Margherita Sassone, David C. Chaikin, David Gordon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: The American Urological Association (AUA) symptom index was originally designed to assess the severity of lower urinary tract symptoms in men with benign prostatic hyperplasia. Data concerning the clinical application of the AUA symptom index to women are sparse. We evaluated the significance of the AUA symptom index in women with urodynamically defined bladder outlet obstruction. Materials and Methods: From a urodynamic database of 587 consecutive women 38 (6.5%) were identified with bladder outlet obstruction, defined as a maximum flow rate of less than 12 ml. per second on repeat noninvasive uroflowmetry studies with a detrusor pressure at a maximum flow of greater than 20 cm. water on pressure flow study. All patients underwent a complete clinical and urodynamic evaluation, and completed the AUA symptom index questionnaire. Results in women with urodynamic obstruction were compared with those in 2 control groups, including women without obstruction but with sphincteric incontinence and asymptomatic healthy women. Results: Mean symptom score was significantly higher in women with obstruction than in those with sphincteric incontinence or no symptoms (15.8 + 8.4 versus 10.3 + 6.4 and 2.1 + 2.7, respectively). Likewise, scores were classified as severe in 34% of women with obstruction compared with only 7% of those with sphincteric incontinence. However, no correlation was noted between symptom index scores and objective urodynamic parameters, which is similar to data already reported in male populations. Conclusions: The AUA symptom index score may be useful as a bothersomeness index in women with bladder outlet obstruction. However, subjective symptoms associated with bladder outlet obstruction are nonspecific and a complete urodynamic evaluation is essential for making the diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-211
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume163
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bladder
  • Bladder neck obstruction
  • Questionnaires
  • Urodynamics

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