The significance of foot length at the initiation of the ponseti method: A prospective study

Y. Hemo, A. Yavor, R. Gigi, S. Wientroub

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives We sought to evaluate foot length (FL) and forefoot circumference (FC) and their impact on the severity of idiopathic clubfoot (CF) and results of treatment. We hypothesized that a smaller foot size at birth that represents a lesser than term newborn may affect the response of the CF to the treatment. Methods We conducted a prospective study documenting FL and FC of all neonates presented with idiopathic CF. Additional demographic information was collected. Outcome measures were number of casts needed for correction, need for recasting, additional surgery and functional score. Results In all, 52 children with 73 CF with a minimum mean follow-up of two years (2.0 to 5.6; sd 1.08) were evaluated. Mean gestational age was 38.63 weeks and mean birth weight (BW) was 3184 g. The mean FL at presentation was 74 mm (5.70 to 9.00), initial Pirani score was 5.5 (2.5 to 6.0) while number of casts was 6.9 (4.0 to 11.0). The FL was significantly correlated both to initial Pirani score (r = -0.35; p < 0.01) and number of casts (r = -0.33; p < 0.05). Positive correlation was found between the number of casts to Pirani score and number of additional procedures (r = 0.39; r = 0.36; p < 0.01, respectively). A foot size of up to 8 cm, needed 7.3 casts (4 to 7) compared with a FL of 8 cm or longer who needed 4.7 casts (4 to 6; t = 7.11; p < 0.001). Conclusion FL is a simple approach to identify preterm babies. It can be used as part of the initial evaluation of CF and help in predicting the course of treatment. We recommend adding FL to the existing classification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)252-257
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Children's Orthopaedics
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2019


  • Clubfoot
  • Foot length
  • Ponseti


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