The sheshonq i campaign and the 8th–century bce earthquake–more on the archaeology and history of the south in the iron i–iia

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Abstract

The article attempts to reconstruct the history of southern Israel (the Beersheba Valley, the Shephelah and the southern Coastal Plain) in the Late Iron I and Iron IIA. It shows that activity in the so-called 'Tel Masos chiefdom' commenced in the Iron I and peaked in the Early Iron IIA-parallel to the copper mining activity at Khirbet en-NalJas. Regarding the early phase of this time-span, the article proposes that the Sheshonq I campaign did not bring about the destruction of the Tel Masos chiefdom; rather, the major phase of activity in the south-in the Early Iron IIAwas a result of Egyptian involvement in the region. Regarding the end of the Iron IIA, the article rejects the notion that the Iron IIA-IIB transition should be affiliated with the earthquake mentioned in Amos 1: 1; it dates this transition to ca. 800 BCE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18-42
Number of pages25
JournalTel Aviv
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2006

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