The seroepidemiology of Bordetella pertussis in Israel-Estimate of incidence of infection

Pamela Rendi-Wagner*, Joshua Tobias, Larisa Moerman, Sophy Goren, Ravit Bassal, Manfred Green, Dani Cohen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study was undertaken to estimate the magnitude of Bordetella pertussis infections in a highly vaccinated population in Israel in order to evaluate the relationship between clinical notification data and serology-based evidence of infection. A cross-sectional survey was conducted on a total of 1982 serum samples from the National Serum Bank, collected from January 2000 through December 2001, in order to monitor high levels of pertussis toxin (PT) IgG antibody indicative of recent B. pertussis infection, by standardized methods. The estimation yielded an infection incidence rate of 2448 per 100,000 population (≥3 years of age) for the year 2000 compared to an annual incidence of reported pertussis of 5.6 per 100,000 for the same period. The peaks of estimated incidence of infection were found in the groups of 15-19-year olds (5245 per 100,000) and older than 60 years (6469 per 100,000), whereas the majority of clinical pertussis cases were reported for the 10-14-year olds (20.5 per 100,000). The findings clearly show that despite a high vaccination coverage rate (>93%), there is still a considerable circulation of B. pertussis, particularly in adolescents and elderly. Population-based serosurveillance for pertussis offers the potential to assist interpretation of trends independent of notification and diagnostic bias.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3285-3290
Number of pages6
JournalVaccine
Volume28
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - 26 Apr 2010

Keywords

  • IgG pertussis toxin
  • Incidence of infection
  • Pertussis (whooping cough)
  • Seroprevalence
  • Vaccination

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