The “Selfie Test”: A Novel Test for the Diagnosis of Lateral Epicondylitis

Shai Factor*, Pablo Gabriel Snopik, Assaf Albagli, Ehud Rath, Eyal Amar, Franck Atlan, Guy Morag

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Lateral epicondylitis (LE) is one of the most diagnosed elbow pathologies. The purpose of this study was to determine the diagnostic test accuracy of a new test (selfie test) for the diagnosis of LE. Methods: Medical data were collected from adult patients who presented with LE symptoms and ultrasound findings that supported the diagnosis. Patients underwent a physical examination, including provocative tests for diagnosis as well as the selfie test, and were asked to fill out the Patient-Rated Tennis Elbow Evaluation (PRTEE) questionnaire and subjectively rate the activity of their affected elbow. Results: Thirty patients were included in this study (seventeen females, 57%). The mean age was 50.1 years old (range of 35 to 68 years). The average duration of symptoms was 7 ± 3.1 months (range of 2 to 14 months). The mean PRTEE score was 61.5 ± 16.1 (range of 35 to 98), and the mean subjective elbow score was 63 ± 14.2 (range of 30 to 80). Mill’s, Maudsley’s, Cozen’s, and the selfie tests had sensitivities of 0.867, 0.833, 0.967, and 0.933, respectively, with corresponding positive predictive values of 0.867, 0.833, 0.967, and 0.933. Conclusions: The selfie test’s active nature, which allows patients to perform the assessment themselves, could be a valuable addition to the diagnostic process, potentially improving the accuracy of the diagnosis of LE (levels of evidence: IV).

Original languageEnglish
Article number1159
JournalMedicina (Lithuania)
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2023


  • diagnostic accuracy
  • lateral epicondylitis
  • provocative tests
  • selfie test
  • tennis elbow


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