Production of TNF‐α and IL‐1 by adherent peritoneal exudate macrophages (APEM) was monitored for 20 weeks in Schistosoma mansoni infected mice in comparison to their schistosomulicidal activity. LPS‐triggered IL‐1 and TNF‐α production by APEM peaked 10 weeks post infection (p.i.) and declined thereafter. The schistosomulicidal activity of APEM also peaked after 10 weeks but remained elevated thereafter. Infected mice were also treated with the immunostimulator liposomal muramyl tripeptide‐phosphatidyl ethanolamine (MTP‐PE) 6 or 10 weeks p.i., and their APEM were tested 4 weeks later. APEM from such treated animals showed elevated IL‐1 and TNF‐α production when treatment commenced 6 weeks p.i., while their schistosomulicidal activity increased when treatment commenced either 6 or 10 weeks p.i. The L‐arginine inhibitor, NG monomethyl arginine, markedly inhibited the schistosomulicidal activity but not the IL‐1 and TNF‐α production of APEM. Our results show that monokine production increases during the acute phase of infection and declines during its chronic phase, while macrophage schistosomulicidal activity remains constant throughout. Furthermore, TNF‐α or IL‐1 may play a minor role in APEM mediated killing of schistosomula.
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - Jun 1993|
- Schistosoma mansoni
- muramyl tripeptide‐phosphatidyl ethanolamine