The scale of the evidence base on the health effects of conventional yogurt consumption: Findings of a scoping review

Julie M. Glanville, Sam Brown, Raanan Shamir, Hania Szajewska, Jacqualyn F. Eales

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review

Abstract

Background: The health effects of conventional yogurt have been investigated for over a century; however, few systematic reviews have been conducted to assess the extent of the health benefits of yogurt. Objective: The aim of this scoping review was to assess the volume of available evidence on the health effects of conventional yogurt. Methods: The review was guided by a protocol agreed a priori and informed by an extensive literature search conducted in November 2013. Randomized controlled trials were selected and categorized according to the eligibility criteria established in the protocol. Results: 213 studies were identified as relevant to the scoping question. The number of eligible studies identified for each outcome were: bone health (14 studies), weight management and nutrition related health outcomes (81 studies), metabolic health (6 studies); cardiovascular health (57 studies); gastrointestinal health (24 studies); cancer (39 studies); diabetes (13 studies), Parkinson's disease risk (3 studies), all-cause mortality (3 studies), skin complaints (3 studies), respiratory complaints (3 studies), joint pain/function (2 studies); the remaining 8 studies reported a variety of other outcomes. For studies of a similar design and which assessed the same outcomes in similar population groups, we report the potential for the combining of data across studies in systematic reviews. Conclusions: This scoping review has revealed the extensive evidence base for many outcomes which could be the focus of systematic reviews exploring the health effects of conventional yogurt consumption.

Original languageEnglish
Article number246
JournalFrontiers in Pharmacology
Volume6
Issue numberOCT
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Effects
  • Evidence
  • Health outcomes
  • Review
  • Yogurt

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