The safety and efficacy of N8-GP (turoctocog alfa pegol) in previously untreated pediatric patients with hemophilia A

Christoph Male*, Christoph Königs, Sohan Dey, Tadashi Matsushita, Anders Holm Millner, Marek Zak, Guy Young, Gili Kenet

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

N8-GP (turoctocog alfa pegol) is a recombinant, glycoPEGylated, extended half-life, factor VIII replacement product. Here, we examined the immunogenicity, safety, and efficacy of N8-GP in previously untreated patients (PUPs). pathfinder6 is an ongoing, open-label, phase 3 trial that enrolled PUPs with severe hemophilia A and were aged <6 years. The primary end point was the incidence of factor VIII inhibitors (≥0.6 Bethesda units [BU]). Eighty patients received ≥1 N8-GP dose and were included in this analysis; ≥50 patients had ≥50 exposure days to N8-GP. The inhibitor incidence was 29.9% (14.9% high-titer [>5 BU]). Sixty-five patients received N8-GP prophylaxis for an average of 2.17 years with a median annualized bleeding rate (interquartile range) of 1.42 (0.76; 3.13) and a 90.5% hemostatic success rate. Temporarily decreased incremental recovery (IR), defined as ≥2 consecutive measurements of IR <0.6 (IU/dL)/(IU/kg) but no inhibitors, was observed in 17 patients within 5 exposure days to N8-GP and had a strong temporal correlation with anti–polyethylene glycol immunoglobulin G antibody titers. IR returned within the expected range with continued N8-GP dosing. During the period of decreased IR, hemostatic response was similar to that of the overall trial population, and no hypersensitivity related to N8-GP or unexpected new adverse events were reported. N8-GP prophylaxis was efficacious for the prevention and treatment of bleeding episodes in PUPs with severe hemophilia A. The inhibitor incidence was 29.9%. All patients with temporarily decreased IR continuing on N8-GP dosing returned within the expected range and had no evident lack of efficacy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)620-629
Number of pages10
JournalBlood advances
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 28 Feb 2023

Funding

FundersFunder number
Novo Nordisk

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