The rotation of planet-hosting stars

Yves Sibony*, Ravit Helled, Robert Feldmann

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Understanding the distribution of angular momentum during the formation of planetary systems is a key topic in astrophysics. Data from the Kepler and Gaia missions allow to investigate whether stellar rotation is correlated with the presence of planets around Sun-like stars. Here, we perform a statistical analysis of the rotation period of 493 planet-hosting stars. These are matched to a control sample, without detected planets, with similar effective temperatures, masses, radii, metallicities, and ages. We find that planet-hosting stars rotate on average 1.63 ± 0.40 d slower. The difference in rotation is statistically significant both in samples including and not including planets confirmed by radial velocity follow-up observations. We also analyse the dependence of rotation distribution on various stellar and planetary properties. Our results could potentially be explained by planet detection biases depending on the rotation period of their host stars in both RV and transit methods. Alternatively, they could point to a physical link between the existence of planets and stellar rotation, emphasizing the need to understand the role of angular momentum in the formation and evolution planetary systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2057-2075
Number of pages19
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • planet-star interactions
  • stars: rotation
  • stars: statistics


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