The Role of Victimization in Shaping Households' Preparedness for Armed Conflicts in Israel

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Abstract

Objectives One of the most prominent threats to the Israeli population is the risk from armed conflicts. Yet, promoting preparedness behavior proves to be highly difficult. Arguably, this is partially due to the chronic exposure of the Israeli public to this threat, a.k.a. Victimization. The purpose of this study was to examine whether victimization plays a prominent role in shaping preparedness behavior toward armed conflicts in Israel. Methods An online survey of 502 participants representing the adult Jewish population in Israel was carried out. A set of questionnaires designed to assess public perception of preparedness-affecting factors was used. The list of preparedness-affecting factors was conceptualized by an expert panel before the survey. Results The results suggest that low prioritization and ignoring of civil-defense instructions during routine times are leading causes for non-compliance with preparedness recommendations. Ignoring instructions is also negatively correlated with reported preparedness. Misunderstanding the threat and fearing it also seem to be important factors. Conclusions The results of this study support the hypothesis that victimization plays an important role in shaping preparedness behavior toward armed conflicts among Jews in Israel. The findings demonstrate the complexity of the socio-psychological perspective of preparedness behavior in victimized populations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-75
Number of pages9
JournalDisaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2018

Keywords

  • armed conflict
  • behavioral change
  • emergency preparedness
  • victimization

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