The role of ureter in the creation of Mitrofanoff channels in children

Y. Mor, A. M. Kajbafzadeh, K. German, P. D. Mouriquand, P. G. Duffy, P. G. Ransley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: Since 1980 numerous variations of the Mitrofanoff principle have been described. We report on 22 children in whom a ureteral Mitrofanoff channel was created. Materials and Methods: Between 1986 and 1995 a ureteral Mitrofanoff channel was constructed as a catheterizable conduit in 22 children 2 to 15 years old (average age 6.5) with various abnormalities of the lower urinary tract, mainly exstrophy and neurogenic bladder. Indications included unavailability or unsuitability of the appendix, preference for appendix as a catheterizable colonic stoma for antegrade washouts or concomitant removal of a nonfunctioning kidney, leaving the ureter available for use. Surgical technique was based on the principles of appendicovesicostomy and in 9 cases the ureteral Mitrolanoff channel was reimplanted. Results: Followup ranged from i to 72 months (average 30.5). Complications included stenosis of the conduit that caused difficult catheterization in 3 patients, necessitating dilation or minor revision in 2 and complete replacement by appendix in 1. Urinary leakage from the Mitrolanoff channel in 5 patients was treated with polydimethylsiloxane injection or oxybutinin. In 1 patient the channel was reimplanted, since the catheter struck the bladder neck during catheterization and caused severe pain. Conclusions: Results of the ureteral Mitrolanoff channel seem somewhat less satisfactory than those of appendicovesicostomy but they remain acceptable and even comparable, strongly supporting its use in certain circumstances.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)635-637
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Urology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1997
Externally publishedYes


  • ureter
  • urinary diversion
  • urinary incontinence


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