The Role of Side-Scrapers and Cortical Flakes in Late Acheulian Toolkits: Results of a Techno-functional Analysis from Revadim (Israel)

Flavia Venditti*, Ran Barkai, Stella Nunzinate Cesaro, Aviad Agam

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent techno-functional studies of the lithic assemblage of Layer C3 in Late Acheulian Revadim (Israel) have demonstrated the variability in tool production and use in this layer. Here we present the results of a techno-functional and residue analysis of two central categories of artifacts found in Layer C3: side-scrapers and cortical flakes. We investigate the assumed functional link between side-scrapers and scraping activities and examine the question of whether cortical flakes were considered by the Revadim hominins as simple waste products or as useful tools. Our study applies an integrative and multidisciplinary methodology combining experimental archaeology, use-wear and residue analysis, and spectroscopic measurements. Our results show that side-scrapers were used for scraping and mixed activities, mostly on soft-medium and medium materials, while cortical flakes were occasionally used, mostly for cutting. Tool function reconstruction was supported by the morphological, elemental, and chemical characterization of extraordinarily well-preserved residues of animal origin, suggesting their use in butchery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-265
Number of pages23
JournalLithic Technology
Volume47
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

Funding

FundersFunder number
Irene Levi-Sala Care Archaeological Foundation
Sapienza University International Agreements
UGC-ISF2712/16
Tel Aviv University
Ministero degli Affari Esteri e della Cooperazione Internazionale

    Keywords

    • FTIR and SEM-EDX
    • Late Acheulian
    • Lithics
    • use-wear and residue analyses

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