The role of primary health care in long-term care facilities during the COVID-19 pandemic in 30 European countries: A retrospective descriptive study (Eurodata study)

Marina Guisado-Clavero, Sara Ares-Blanco, Alice Serafini*, Lourdes Ramos Del Rio, Ileana Gefaell Larrondo, Louise Fitzgerald, Shlomo Vinker, Gijs Van Pottebergh, Kirsi Valtonen, Bert Vaes, Canan Tuz Yilmaz, Péter Torzsa, Paula Tilli, Theresa Sentker, Bohumil Seifert, Natalija Saurek-Aleksandrovska, Martin Sattler, Goranka Petricek, Ferdinando Petrazzuoli, Davorina PetekÁbel Perjés, Naldy Parodi López, Ana Luisa Neves, Liubovė Murauskienė, Heidrun Lingner, Katarzyna Nessler, Bruno Heleno, Anna Krztoń-Królewiecka, Milena Kostić, Büsra Çimen Korkmaz, Snežana Knežević, Aleksandar Kirkovski, Vasilis Trifon Karathanos, Marijana Jandrić-Kočić, Shushman Ivanna, O. Li, Kathryn Hoffmann, Miroslav Hanževački, Mila Gómez-Johansson, Dragan Gjorgjievski, Philippe Richard J. Domeyer, Maryher Delphin Peña, Asja C¨osić Divjak, Iliana Carmen Busneag, Elena Brutskaya-Stempkovskaya, Sabine Bayen, Maria Bakola, Limor Adler, Radost Assenova, María Pilar Astier-Peña, Raquel Gómez Bravo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and aim: Primary health care (PHC) supported long-term care facilities (LTCFs) in attending COVID-19 patients. The aim of this study is to describe the role of PHC in LTCFs in Europe during the early phase of the pandemic. Methods: Retrospective descriptive study from 30 European countries using data from September 2020 collected with an ad hoc semi-structured questionnaire. Related variables are SARS-CoV-2 testing, contact tracing, follow-up, additional testing, and patient care. Results: Twenty-six out of the 30 European countries had PHC involvement in LTCFs during the COVID-19 pandemic. PHC participated in initial medical care in 22 countries, while, in 15, PHC was responsible for SARS-CoV-2 test along with other institutions. Supervision of individuals in isolation was carried out mostly by LTCF staff, but physical examination or symptom's follow-up was performed mainly by PHC. Conclusion: PHC has participated in COVID-19 pandemic assistance in LTCFs in coordination with LTCF staff, public health officers, and hospitals.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere60
JournalPrimary Health Care Research and Development
Volume24
DOIs
StatePublished - 24 Oct 2023

Funding

FundersFunder number
European General Practice Research Network2022/01
Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia

    Keywords

    • COVID-19
    • long-term care facility
    • nursing home
    • primary health care

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