The role of phenylalanine-119 of the reverse transcriptase of mouse mammary tumour virus in DNA synthesis, ribose selection and drug resistance

Michal Entin-Meer, Ziv Sevilya, Amnon Hizi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Phe-119 in the reverse transcriptase (RT) of mouse mammary tumour virus (MMTV) is homologous with Tyr-115 in HIV type 1 (HIV-1) RT and to Phe-155 in murine leukaemia virus (MLV) RT. By mutating these residues in HIV-1 and MLV RTs (which are strict DNA polymerases) the enzymes were shown to function also as RNA polymerases. Owing to the uniqueness of MMTV as a type B retrovirus, we have generated a Phe-119-Val mutant of MMTV RT to study the involvement of this residue in affecting the catalytic features of this RT. The data presented here show that the mutant MMTV RT can incorporate both deoxyribonucleosides and ribonucleosides while copying either RNA or DNA. In addition, this mutant RT shows resistance to nucleoside analogues and an enhanced fidelity of DNA synthesis; all relative to the wild-type enzyme. The Phe-119-Val mutant is also different from the wild-type enzyme in its preference for most template primers tested and in its ability to synthesize DNA under non-processive and processive conditions. Overall, it is likely that the aromatic side chain of Phe-119 is located at the dNTP-binding site of MMTV RT and thus might be part of a putative 'steric gate' that prevents the incorporation of nucleoside triphosphates. Since the only three-dimensional structures of RTs published so far are those of HIV-1 and MLV, it is likely that MMTV RT folds quite similarly to these RTs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)381-391
Number of pages11
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume367
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Oct 2002

Keywords

  • Nucleoside analogue
  • Processivity and fidelity of DNA synthesis
  • RNA synthesis
  • RNase H
  • Reverse transcription

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The role of phenylalanine-119 of the reverse transcriptase of mouse mammary tumour virus in DNA synthesis, ribose selection and drug resistance'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this