The Role of Epsilon Near Zero and Hot Electrons in Enhanced Dynamic THz Emission from Nonlinear Metasurfaces

Eviatar Minerbi, Symeon Sideris, Jacob B. Khurgin, Tal Ellenbogen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We study theoretically and experimentally the nonlinear THz emission from plasmonic metasurfaces and show that a thin indium-tin oxide (ITO) film significantly affects the nonlinear dynamics of the system. Specifically, the presence of the ITO film leads to 2 orders of magnitude stronger THz emission compared to a metasurface on glass. It also shows a different power law, signifying different dominant emission mechanisms. In addition, we find that the hot-electron dynamics in the system strongly modify the coupling between the plasmonic metasurface and the free electrons in the ITO at the picosecond time scale. This results in striking dynamic THz emission phenomena that were not observed to date. Specifically, we show that the generated THz pulse can be shortened in time and thus broadened in frequency with twice the bandwidth compared to previous studies and to an uncoupled system. Our findings open the door to design efficient and dynamic metasurface THz emitters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6194-6199
Number of pages6
JournalNano Letters
Volume22
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - 10 Aug 2022

Keywords

  • ITO
  • dynamic metasurface
  • epsilon near zero (ENZ)
  • hot electrons
  • terahertz (THz)

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