The role of cannabis in treatment-resistant fibromyalgia women

Oded Hershkovich*, Yemima Hayun, Nataly Oscar, Arnold Shtein, Raphael Lotan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Fibromyalgia is a complex pain-focused syndrome. Previous studies showed that Cannabis is efficacious in promoting sleep, deepening and lengthening the sleep cycle, and good pain relief (compared with the SSRIs and SNRIs). Purpose: This study aimed to use the World Health Organization Quality of Life Bref questionnaire (WhoQoL-bref) to characterize the impact of Cannabis Treatment initiation on the quality of life in women suffering from treatment-resistant fibromyalgia. Methods: A prospective cohort study involving 30 women aged 18–70 years old diagnosed with fibromyalgia, exhausted pharmacological fibromyalgia treatment, and started Cannabis treatment. Pregnant women were excluded. WhoQoL-bref was filled before Cannabis treatment initiation and 1 month following treatment. Results: Women's average age was 46 years (±5), with a poor general quality of life (1.47 ± 0.63), poor general health (1.47 ± 0.78), pain and discomfort, and dependence on medication (3.77 ± 1.3 and 3.07 ± 1.74, respectively) prior to Cannabis intervention. Cannabis treatment for 30 days showed a marked improvement in general quality of life (1.97 scores, p < 0.01), general health (1.83, p < 0.01), physical health (1.5, p < 0.01), and psychological domain (1.3, p < 0.01). Financial resources and home environment were not influenced by cannabis treatment (p = 0.07, p = 0.31, respectively). Conclusion: Results suggest a potentially significant role of Cannabis in treatment-resistant Fibromyalgia women. Early Cannabis treatment may result in a beneficial short-term effect on the quality of life through its influence on pain, sleep, and physical and psychological domains. Further studies are still indicated to understand this potential and its long-term beneficial impact.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)180-184
Number of pages5
JournalPain Practice
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2023

Keywords

  • cannabis
  • fibromyalgia
  • pain
  • quality of life
  • treatment
  • woman

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